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XRP

XRP

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About XRP

XRP is the native token of the XRP Ledger, and the cryptocurrency used by the Ripple payment network. Built for enterprise use on a global scale, XRP powers cost-efficient cross-border payments.

XRP is the native digital asset of the XRP Ledger (XRPL), an open-source, decentralized technology that was launched in 2012. The XRPL is permissionless and offers several benefits including low-cost transactions, quick settlement times, scalability, and eco-friendly attributes. XRP, the digital currency, was introduced as an alternative to other digital currencies with a focus on speed and energy efficiency. The XRP Ledger also features the first decentralized exchange (DEX) and custom tokenization capabilities built into the protocol, making it a versatile tool in the digital currency space.

XRP operates on the XRP Ledger, which uses a unique Federated Consensus mechanism to validate transactions. Transactions are confirmed through a consensus protocol, where independent servers, known as validators, agree on the order and outcome of XRP transactions. All servers in the network process each transaction according to the same rules, and any transaction that follows the protocol is confirmed immediately. The XRP Ledger is transparent and public, and anyone can operate a validator. This Federated Consensus mechanism aims to process all verified transactions without a single point of failure, as no single participant makes a decision independently.

XRP presents a wide variety of applications and use cases related to payments, including micropayments, DeFi, and soon, NFTs. The XRP Ledger supports enterprises and developers with powerful utility and flexibility. Developers can create solutions that solve inefficiencies, including remittance and asset tokenization, using the XRP Ledger. Currently, the five main applications of the XRP Ledger are payments, tokenization, DeFi, CBDCs, and stablecoins. The XRP Ledger provides a platform for developers to build applications with the potential to enhance the efficiency and speed of digital transactions.

XRP and the XRP Ledger were launched in 2012 by David Schwartz, Jed McCaleb, and Arthur Britto as an alternative to the Bitcoin blockchain with a focus on speed and energy efficiency. In September of the same year, they, along with Chris Larsen, founded the company that is today known as Ripple. The XRP Ledger architects gifted a large amount of XRP to Ripple so that the company could build use cases around the digital asset. Since its inception, the XRP Ledger has been operating reliably. However, since late 2020, Ripple Labs, the creators of the XRP token, has been in a legal battle with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission over whether or not XRP is a security.

XRP was developed by a trio of engineers, namely David Schwartz, Jed McCaleb, and Arthur Britto. Intrigued by Bitcoin, they intended to develop a digital asset with potential for sustainability and efficiency, specifically designed for payments. This led to the development of the XRP Ledger (XRPL) in 2011. The XRPL was officially launched in June 2012. Shortly after, Chris Larsen joined the team and together they started a company initially named NewCoin, which was quickly renamed OpenCoin and is now known as Ripple. The founders of XRPL allocated 80 billion XRP, the platform’s native digital asset, to Ripple. Ripple currently utilizes the XRP Ledger and XRP in its cross-border payments operations and participates in the XRPL community.

Yes, XRP is indeed a cryptocurrency. XRP is used within the Ripple network to facilitate transactions, acting as a bridge between different currencies. Distinct from numerous cryptocurrencies, XRP was pre-generated, meaning the XRP Ledger created 100 billion units that are then periodically released publicly. XRP's blockchain operates in a unique way compared to many other cryptocurrencies. While numerous cryptocurrencies open their transaction ledgers and verification processes to anyone who can solve complex equations quickly, XRP's Ripple network centralizes things and uses a consensus protocol. This protocol allows the network to validate transactions in a different manner compared to other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, aiming for a high level of accuracy.

XRP, the native digital asset of the Ripple network, serves as a bridge currency that facilitates the transfer of other currencies across the Ripple network. It is intended to provide liquidity when necessary and is designed for facilitating cross-border transactions. RippleNet, the payment network developed by Ripple Labs, uses XRP with the intention of improving transaction efficiency. XRP is used in Ripple's service called On-Demand Liquidity (ODL), which eliminates the need for pre-funded accounts in cross-border transfers. This functionality has been associated with partnerships with financial institutions and remittance players. However, it's important to note that the Ripple Network has the capability to process transactions using other fiat and digital currencies, independent of XRP.

XRP, Bitcoin, and Ethereum are all cryptocurrencies, each with unique underlying technology, purpose, and functionality. Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency, aims to function as a decentralized digital currency, potentially reducing dependency on intermediaries such as banks and governments. It utilizes a Proof-of-Work consensus mechanism, where network participants, known as miners, compete to solve complex cryptographic puzzles. Bitcoin transactions may take from 10 minutes to several hours to confirm, and it's primarily utilized for digital transactions. In contrast, XRP, developed and maintained by Ripple Labs, strives to facilitate more efficient cross-border payments. Unlike Bitcoin, XRP was pre-mined, eliminating the need for power-intensive mining computations. It employs a different consensus mechanism that aims to enable rapid transaction validation, potentially reducing transaction costs and time to just 3 to 5 seconds. Ethereum is decentralized and uses a Proof-of-Work consensus mechanism. It's known for its smart contracts and decentralized applications, not just as a digital currency. In terms of market characteristics, Bitcoin and XRP have different market capitalizations and prices, reflecting their unique positions in the market. XRP, with its processing times, transaction fees, and flexible multi-signature capabilities, aims to facilitate payments for a range of cryptocurrency assets. While all three are players in the cryptocurrency space, they each aim to serve different purposes and have unique features and functionalities.

XRP operates on a unique consensus mechanism known as the Ripple Protocol Consensus Algorithm (RPCA), which differs from the mechanisms used by many other cryptocurrencies. This consensus mechanism relies on a network of validators, which are selected and trusted participants that process transactions. While anyone can run a validator, participants on the Unique Node List (UNL) have the capacity to process transactions. This structure has led to debates about the degree of decentralization in XRP. While XRP's system may exhibit a different degree of centralization than many other cryptocurrencies, it's also important to note that XRP is not controlled by a single participant. Multiple contributors, including Ripple Labs and others, participate in its ongoing development. Therefore, while XRP may operate with a different structure than traditional fiat currencies, it still maintains a level of decentralization.

XRP operates differently from many other cryptographic tokens, and it cannot be obtained through traditional processing methods. Unlike Bitcoin or Ethereum, which use a decentralized system and rely on transaction validators, XRP uses a semi-centralized system. Ripple Labs has already created 100 billion XRP tokens, and no more can be produced. This means that the process of transaction validation, where new tokens are generated as a non-monetary incentive for validating transactions, does not apply to XRP. Instead, Ripple Labs controls the release of XRP. Therefore, one method to obtain XRP is by participating in cryptocurrency transactions or receiving it as a non-monetary benefit. It's important to note that while XRP cannot be processed, other cryptographic tokens can be processed and then used in transactions involving XRP on various digital asset platforms.

XRP achieves consensus without mining through a protocol known as the XRP Ledger Consensus Protocol. Unlike traditional blockchain systems that rely on proof-of-work or proof-of-stake algorithms, XRP uses this consensus protocol to validate transactions and maintain the integrity of the network. The protocol operates on the principle of 'one-entity-one-vote', where each validator has equal influence in the decision-making process. This aims to ensure that no single entity can control the network or manipulate transactions. Validators play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and security of the XRP network by validating transactions and maintaining the accuracy of the decentralized ledger. The consensus mechanism is designed for scalability, allowing the network to handle a large volume of transactions without compromising security or performance. The XRP Ledger Consensus Protocol is designed to work as well as it can in most situations, and to fail as gracefully as possible in the situations where it can't. XRP aims to be a more sustainable option for businesses and individuals seeking sustainable solutions.

RippleNet is a product associated with Ripple, a company that has a focus on the XRP cryptocurrency. It employs blockchain technology to provide financial institutions worldwide with the potential to facilitate transactions, with the intention of creating a unified global payments system. RippleNet is designed with the intention to address certain challenges observed in traditional finance, where various financial entities have constructed separate transfer systems for international payments that may not interact seamlessly with one another, potentially making international payments a lengthy process. By connecting to the network via an application programming interface (API), users may have the potential to facilitate international transactions in a different manner than traditional methods. RippleNet is a set of products that utilize the XRP blockchain rather than being a blockchain in its own right. All transactions made using RippleNet products are recorded on the XRP blockchain. RippleNet has a feature that aims to alter the traditional requirement of pre-funding accounts, through its service known as on-demand liquidity (ODL). RippleNet is operational in numerous countries and has the capability to interact with a variety of fiat currencies.

XRP operates on the XRP Ledger (XRPL), a blockchain that operates publicly and is maintained by a diverse community of businesses and developers. However, the degree of decentralization of XRP has been a topic of discussion. Unlike some digital assets, where transactions are validated through a network of participants, XRP transactions are confirmed by a network of validators. While anyone can run a validator, only those on Unique Node Lists (UNLs) can directly process transactions. Ripple provides a list of validators, and a significant number of users opt for the XRP Foundation's default UNL. This has led some to argue that XRP exhibits certain characteristics of centralization. However, it's important to note that anyone can build using XRP or use the network to transfer assets, and Ripple Labs made Ripple’s full code base available in 2013, which aims to provide tools for network maintenance without the need for specific party involvement. Therefore, while XRP may exhibit certain characteristics of centralization, it also incorporates elements of decentralization.

Market

Market stats

Market cap

$29.9B

Volume (24h)

$2.1B

Circulating supply

55.3B XRP

Typical hold time

76 days

Popularity

#7

All time high

$3.84

Market performance

Price change (1h)

+0.63%

Price change (1d)

+1.5%

Price change (1w)

+7.34%

Price change (2w)

-0.34%

Price change (1m)

+2.05%

Price change (1y)

+17.48%

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XRP is on the rise this week.

The price of XRP has increased by 0.63% in the last hour and increased by 1.50% in the past 24 hours. XRP’s price has also risen by 7.34% in the past week. The current price is $0.54 per XRP with a 24-hour trading volume of $2.11B. Currently, XRP is valued at 85.94% below its all time high of $3.84. This all-time high was the highest price paid for XRP since its launch.

The current circulating supply of XRP is 55,288,951,055 XRP which means that XRP has as total market cap of 55,288,951,055.

FAQ

What is the current price of XRP?

We update our XRP to USD currency in real-time. Get the live price of XRP on Coinbase.

What is the market cap of XRP?

The current market cap of XRP is $29.88B. A high market cap implies that the asset is highly valued by the market.

What is the all time high of XRP?

The all-time high of XRP is $3.84. This all-time high is highest price paid for XRP since it was launched.

What is the 24 hour trading volume of XRP?

Over the last 24 hours, the trading volume of XRP is $2.11B.

What other assets are similar to XRP?

Assets that have a similar market cap to XRP include Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, and many others. To see a full list, see our comparable market cap assets.

How many XRP are there?

The current circulating supply of XRP is 55 billion.

What is the typical holding time of XRP?

The median time that Coinbase customers hold XRP before selling it or sending it to another account or address is 76 days.

What is the relative popularity of XRP?

XRP ranks 14 among tradable assets on Coinbase. Popularity is currently based on relative market cap.

What is the current trading activity of XRP?

Currently, 98% of Coinbase users are buying XRP. In other words, 98% of Coinbase customers have increased their net position in XRP over the past 24 hours through trading.

Can I buy XRP on Coinbase?

Yes, XRP is currently available on Coinbase’s centralized exchange. For more detailed instructions, check out our helpful how to buy XRP guide.