Crypto basics

New to crypto? Not for long — start with these guides and explainers


Expand your crypto vocabulary

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What is Axie Infinity?

A beginner’s guide to the hit NFT-based Pokémon-style game — and its native cryptocurrency...

A calendar with Bitcoin logos, marking the date
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What is a Bitcoin halving?

A Bitcoin halving happens every four years, when the amount of bitcoin awarded to miners i...

Graphs depicting bear market trending downwards and bull market trending upwards
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What is a bull or bear market?

Markets experiencing sustained and/or substantial growth are called bull markets. Markets...

Magnifying glass over a Cardano token
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What is Cardano?

Cardano is one of the biggest cryptocurrencies by market cap. It’s designed to a flexible,...

What is CeFi?

Learn how to earn interest on your savings or take out a loan using crypto as collateral

A lock on a grid, surrounded by cubes
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What is cryptography?

Cryptography is the study and practice of sending secure and encrypted messages between tw...

A person's face, surrounded by icons representing decentralized finance apps
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What is DeFi?

DeFi is short for decentralized finance, an umbrella term for peer-to-peer financial servi...

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What is a DEX?

A beginner’s guide to decentralized exchanges

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What is Dogecoin?

DOGE was created as a lighthearted alternative to traditional cryptocurrencies, but it's b...

What is an ETF?
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What is an ETF?

Exchange-traded funds — better known as an ETFs — are similar in many ways to mutual fund...

A cryptocurrency blockchain, forking into two different branches
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What is a fork?

A fork happens whenever a community makes a change to the blockchain’s protocol, or basic...

Three charts, including a line graph heading in an upwards trend.
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What is inflation?

Inflation is the process by which a currency like the dollar or Euro loses value over time...

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What is Internet Computer (ICP)?

The Internet Computer is creating a decentralized internet — with independent data centers...

A scale weighing a stack of crypto coins
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What is market cap?

Market capitalization is the total value of all the coins that have been mined.

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What is mining?

Mining is the process that Bitcoin and several other cryptocurrencies use to mint new coin...

What are NFTs?
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What is a non-fungible token (NFT)?

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are a kind of cryptoasset in which each token is unique. They c...

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What is Polkadot (DOT)?

A beginner's guide to the Polkadot protocol

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What is Polygon (MATIC)?

A beginner's guide to the Polygon network

A web of colorful nodes connecting to a coin
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What is a protocol?

Protocols are basic sets of rules that establish the structure of a blockchain and allow d...

A private key with a lock inside of it
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What is a private key?

A private key is like a password that allows you to access and manage your crypto funds.

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What is a recovery phrase?

A recovery phrase is a series of words generated by your cryptocurrency wallet that give y...

Smart contract
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What is a smart contract?

Smart contracts allow developers to build apps that take advantage of blockchain security,...

A balanced scale with dollar bills on one side and a crypto token on the other
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What is a stablecoin?

A stablecoin is a digital currency that is pegged to a “stable” reserve asset like the U.S...

Woman looks at a chart on her mobile phone
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What is technical analysis?

Technical analysis looks at patterns in market data to identify trends. Fundamental analys...

Various crypto tokens appear to circle around one large gold token
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What is a token?

Technically, “token” is just another word for “cryptocurrency” or “cryptoasset.” But incre...

A roller coaster is at the peak before heading down a slope, next to financial charts and graphs.
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What is volatility?

Volatility is a measure of how much the price of an asset has moved up or down over time.

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What is Uniswap?

A beginner’s guide to the biggest DEX on Ethereum